In addition to the measurement information for each of the leadership competencies, the literature search uncovered a large number of measures of general leadership. While most of these measures are available as commercial items available for purchase, several measures that are publicly available are included for consideration, either in part or as a complete entity.
Inclusion Criteria –
To be considered for initial inclusion in this web site, the materials had to meet several criteria:
- the material needed to focus on one or more of the skills listed for a particular competency
- the material needed to describe either a measurement instrument or theory that could support the creation of such an instrument
- the material had to be publicly available, that is, where the item is not a commercial entity available for purchase
- the material needed either psychometric information about its properties as a measure or, particularly in the case of material found only on the Web, a high degree of face validity
Copyright and Use Issues –
The materials initially described were identified for consideration by MCH interdisciplinary training programs. Many of these materials are copyrighted and thus, may not be copied, distributed, transmitted, or published without the express written permission of the copyright owner. It is the responsibility of each user to ascertain whether materials may be freely used or whether such permission is needed.
The Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine (ELAM) program
The Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine (ELAM) program is a one-year program designed to provide “women faculty members in medical and dental schools in the U.S. and Canada with leadership skill development, mentoring, and networking aimed at helping them to advance into and succeed in formal and informal senior leadership positions.” The ELAM survey was designed to assess perceptions of leadership capabilities in ten constructs and to be administered to participants before and after the program. The constructs of interest are:
- knowledge of leadership, management and organizational theory
- environmental scanning
- financial management
- networking and coalition building
- conflict management
- general leadership skills
- assessment of strengths and weaknesses
- acceptance of demands of leadership
- career advancement sophistication
The survey was developed based on the ELAM course objectives and has been subjected to validation processes by the ELAM Advisory committee and faculty.
Although the ELAM program is designed ostensibly for women, the constructs represented in the survey have broader applicability. Since the survey is aimed at skills related to senior leadership positions, some of the questions deal with higher-level behaviors and situations that may not be appropriate for MCH interdisciplinary trainees.
Center for Rural Studies: New England Regional Leadership Program (NERL)
The Center for Rural Studies has created a Community Leadership Database containing a variety of resources for information about and self-assessment of various components of both personal and group leadership. Each section contains an introduction, exercises, and a bibliography. The exercises often include a self-assessment and suggestions for other ways of following up on the results including inviting others to assess the learner and using journaling or a portfolio.
The Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) of Canada provides extensive resources for training and assessment of six leadership competencies: communication, team building and facilitation, win-win negotiation, flexibility and innovation, risk taking, and seeing the big picture. Some of these competencies map to some of the MCH leadership competencies.
The DIAND Self-Assessment exercise is designed for learners to rate themselves on a variety of skills related to the competencies and to supplement their ratings by describing recent examples. DIAND suggests that such information can then be used as the basis for individual learning plans.
This tool may be very useful in helping MCH interdisciplinary trainees to assess behaviors such as those involved in general leadership and to further explore the results, perhaps using a portfolio approach.
(Sorry, this link is no longer available. Updated information will be provided when available.)